Rats and Mice
Rats and mice are the most abundant and therefore the more annoying and destructive of all rodents the homeowner or business owner may encounter. Throughout history, they have been responsible for more human illnesses and deaths than any other mammals. The most common are the Norway Rat, the Roof Rat and the House Mouse.
They are offensive in many ways: They eat and contaminate all types of food. They damage and destroy property. They carry diseases that are health hazards to both humans and animals—diseases such as typhus fever, Trichinosis, plague, infectious jaundice, Salmonella food infections, and rat mite dermatitis.
Identification of a rat and/or mouse infestation: The signs of a rat or mouse infestation include droppings, tracks in the moist earth or dusty places, and burrows in the ground. There will be signs of gnawing and runways in the grass or through trash. You also can smell the presence of rats and mice, especially in a poorly ventilated room.
Prevention is better than a cure
Removal of Shelter Piles of timber or fire wood, rubbish or other materials can be shelters for rats. Rubbish, such as empty boxes and cartons, should be discarded of promptly. Stored materials should be at least 18 inches off the ground or floor, and with space between the material and the wall.
Removal of Water and Food The best way to eliminate the food supply of rats and mice is to store food in glass or metal containers, and to put garbage in tightly covered rubbish bins.
Repair leaky taps and remove any water that rodents have access to.
Use of Rodenticides
Rodenticides – One effective way of destroying rats and mice, and the one most generally recommended, is the use of rodenticides. There are many different kinds of rodenticides available.
Sealing Possible Entries to a Building
All openings rodents can enter should be covered with rat-resistant materials such as hardware cloth or steel wool. Doors should be closed when not in use, and all edges subject to gnawing should be covered with metal. Unnecessary openings should be covered with concrete or sheet metal. Concrete also can be used to prevent rats from burrowing under foundations
Rats and Mice can be found in homes, farms, sheds and garages.