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Urine Damage Treatment

Not only can your flooring and fabrics be permanently damaged by pet urine it can also create an unhealthy, unhygienic indoor The pH is usually 5 or 6 when urine is first deposited onto a floor or fabric, which is on the acid side of the pH Scale. It is easier to remove right then when it is fresh. Once dry it turns to “alkaline” which is pH 10 – 12 on the scale and becomes more difficult to remove.

This warm acidic state of the urine offers the perfect breeding ground for bacteria that begins to flourish almost immediately. In this original acid state the urine begins to oxidize and react with the carpet to create a colour change, which will become permanent if the urine is not removed immediately. As the urine passes through the bacterial and chemical change, this can attribute to some of the colour change. Permanent damage will be caused when the dye structure is changed if left for days or weeks, depending on the fabric. Even if you remove the soluble deposits, damage to the dye structure may already have occurred.

The 2 sources of odours associated with urine.

1. Starts with the bacteria that grows abundantly in dark warm places with a never ending food source. Your pet could potentially feed the bacteria daily! Amino acids are created by the breakdown of the urine and the growth of the bacteria. These complex organic compounds will often work deep into the fibres to a point of becoming part of the fibre. This can present a challenging situation. The waste materials and gases from the decomposing urine create an unpleasant odour. When dried urine is remoistened, it gives off an ammonia gas. If smelled once it is seldom forgotten.

2. Is a chemical which remains even when the bacteria all die. Which is why more than sanitizing the area is required to neutralise the odours caused by the urine.

High Humidity adds an additional problem with the urine. When the urine dries it leaves behind salt crystals. These salt crystals are hydrophilic, which means they draw moisture to them. Dried urine is often easy to smell in the humid months because the salts attract the moisture, the moisture evaporates putting out a greater proportion of odourous ammonia gas.

In order to get rid of the odour you MUST get rid of the urine salts. That’s why cleaning existing urine spots WILL NOT remove any associated odour. In fact, it could INCREASE the odour in the air space for a temporary period of time.

Do-It-Yourself Pet Stain Removal

The best tool to have is a small wet vac or small spot removal machine. A small wet vac can be purchased for anywhere $99 – $2500. We recommend a smaller machine because it’s more convenient and you are more likely going to get it out.

If you can get the urine up while it is fresh you will have a better chance of 100% removal. Simply suck the urine right out of the carpet. Then apply some of Australian Certified Cleaning Services Avenge and let it sit a few minutes. Then pour a measuring cup of warm water on the spot and suck it out to rinse the carpet. Always dry the carpet as much as possible and never scrub or rub the carpet. This will distort the face fibre and break down the fibre protection and allow for easy staining.

If the urine spot is older than 24 hours, apply Specialised Cleaning Service’s Avenge, rinse the carpet with warm water and wet vac. Then you can mix 1 part white distilled vinegar with 2 parts water and apply it to the spot, rinse with warm water, and wet vac. DO NOT use the vinegar on fresh spots as the acid from the vinegar cannot counter the acid from fresh urine. The vinegar works best after 24 hours when the urine has become alkaline.

The Best Cleaning Agents For Urine

Enzymes are the best cleaning agent for urine, vomit and faeces. An enzyme is the only cleaning agent that actually eats up the bad bacteria. For the best results use an enzyme spotter after you have rinsed the carpet, especially if the spot is not a fresh one. We recommend Nature’s Miracle, found in most pet stores or online. Always read the directions before use!

Products to Avoid

Products with a high pH, like ammonia, Resolve, Oxygen bleaches. These will leave a residue and your carpet with a high pH causing the carpet to attract dirt. The wrong product may cause permanent staining. Please call Australian Certified Cleaning Services first if you are not sure about a product you may want to try.

How Professionals Remove Odour

To gain full removal of the odour caused by the urine, ALL of the alkaline salts MUST be removed. This is an exhaustive process. All of the steps below are followed in worst case scenarios. If damage is not too bad a few steps may be left out.

1. Pull up carpet.
2. Remove affected pad.
3. Clean back of carpet.
4. Treat floor with an enzyme treatment.
5. Seal floor if needed with an odour barrier.
6. Treat back of carpet with enzyme treatment.
7. Install new tack strip.
8. Install new pad.
9. Re-install carpet.
10 Clean carpet.
11. Topically apply enzyme

Disclaimer: Use these techniques at your own risk. Always read directions on any spotter before using. Pre-test each spotter in an inconspicuous area before using and check with your carpet manufacturer. If the stain or odour persists, call Australian Certified Cleaning Services.